Remote patient monitoring (RPM) is a subcategory of homecare telehealth that allows patients to use mobile medical devices and technology to gather patient-generated health data (PGHD) and send it to healthcare professionals. Common physiological data that can be collected with RPM programs include vital signs, weight, blood pressure and heart rate. Once collected, patient data is sent to a physician’s office by using a special telehealth computer system or software application that can be installed on a computer, smartphone or tablet.
RPM is frequently used to help patients that require chronic, post-discharge or senior care. By connecting high-risk patients with remote monitoring, it can notify healthcare organizations of potential health issues or keep track of patient data between visits. Additionally, RPM could be used by businesses that want to record workmen’s compensation cases, making sure employees are on the right path to return to work.
Examples of remote patient monitoring technology
RPM technology can range from handheld medical devices to online platforms that allow patients to input data. A few examples include:
How remote patient monitoring works
While RPM techniques can vary depending on the device being used or the condition being monitored, most of the technology includes similar components. The first is a wireless-enabled sensor that can measure specific physiological parameters and store the data it collects. This storage must also include a way to connect with additional sensors, healthcare provider databases and related applications. Applications typically provide users with an interface to track or analyze the data and display treatment recommendations.
The data collected by RPM devices is sent to the proper location and stored in a relational database. This allows healthcare organizations with wireless telecommunications data to be looked at as individual instances or in the context of an entire health history. Often, the device can alert patients when a healthcare provider has looked over the data or detects an issue that requires the patient to come in.
Benefits of remote patient monitoring
By Alex DelVecchio, Content Development Strategist https://www.techtarget.com/searchhealthit/definition/remote-patient-monitoring-RPM